Center for World Indigenous Studies
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Welcome to the

Chief George Manuel Memorial Indigenous Library

Executive Summary CIMI 2019 – Violence Against Indigenous Peoples in Brazil

October 06, 2020

The report Violence Against Indigenous Peoples in Brazil(2019 data), published annually by the Missionary Council for Indigenous Peoples (CIMI for its Portuguese acronym), reiterates the picture of an extremely perverse and worrying reality of the indigenous peoples in Brazil in the first year of Jair Bolsonaro as president of the country. The intensification of expropriations of indigenous lands, forged in the invasion, land grabbing, and subdivision of the lands, is quickly and aggressively being consolidated throughout the national territory, causing immeasurable destruction.

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International Covenant on the Rights of Indigenous Nations

September 11, 2020

The International Covenant on the Rights of Indigenous Nations was drafted 20 years ago, by Rudolph C. Rÿser and ratified indigenous nations.

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Traditional Birth Attendants In Mexico: Advantages And Inadequacies Of Care For Normal Deliveries

September 25, 2019

In Mexico, traditional birth attendants (TBAs) are an essential resource for health care, especially in small rural communities where they attend approximately 45% of all deliveries. Both rural and urban women seek care with the TBAs because, amongst other things, they share the same cultural codes. In this study, qualitative and quantitative methods were used to analyze the concepts, resources, and process of care during birth in rural areas of the state of Morelos. Results show that the socio-economic characteristics of the TBAs are similar to those of the patients, that they share the same precarious living conditions and the resources to which they have access for providing care during births. When choosing a TBA as a health care provider, both the economic aspect and the importance of a shared symbolism come into play. We observed advantages in some of the traditional practices which should be incorporated into the medical system, for example, protection through the massage of the perineum at the moment of expulsion. Nevertheless, there are inadequacies for which the implementation of training programs is fundamental, before articulate primary care programs using the TBAs can be promoted.

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On Mexican Folk Medicine

July 01, 2019

In this paper, traditional medical beliefs and practices in a Mexican village are described and interpreted. The analysis focuses on the notion that health is a balance of hot and…

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Nine ways to support the rights of indigenous people

June 11, 2019
Categories: Publications,

What are the practical steps to push for recognizing the rights of indigenous people around the world? Our shares their thoughts

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CWIS response to the Questionnaire concerning the Review of the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Mandate answering the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples Outcome Document

June 11, 2019
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The Anáhuac Knowledge System: a Dialogue Between Toltecs and Descartes

June 11, 2019

Indigenous political leaders and indigenous peoples’ diplomatic representatives urge states’ government and international organization representatives to sit at the negotiating table to ensure that traditional knowledge becomes incorporated in local, regional, and international agree- ments aimed at mitigating and organizing adaption strategies to remedy the adverse effects of climate change. How can traditional knowledge be employed along with conventional sciences? When indigenous peoples’ advocates call for scholars, representatives of states’ governments,
and international institutions to recognize and respect “traditional knowledge,” what features
of traditional knowledge should they recognize and respect? How will they know the difference between conventional knowledge and traditional knowledge—are there differences and what are they? Can traditional knowledge inform modern climate change food security adaptation strate- gies, and if so what form does the application of traditional knowledge take? In this essay I offer an answer to these questions by explaining a Fourth World scientific method for deciphering the knowledge system of proto-historic West Mexico (600 CE to 1540 CE) and blending that method with conventional scientific methods. I discuss a method of multi-variant domain retrodiction and the transposition of elements of the ancient Anáhuac scientific system into a contempo-
rary structure blended with aspects of conventional scientific methods, thus providing details about the construction, internal coherence, and conceptual foundations of a knowledge system that extends throughout the western hemisphere. The conceptual framework presented can be incorporated into agreements between indigenous peoples’ representatives and their counterparts in states’ governments as they seek approaches to mutually understanding strategies for tackling vexing complex problems. Discussing a method for “blending” the Anáhuac knowledge system with the Cartesian knowledge system that arose in 17th century Europe may be possible if the two systems are used “in parallel” to facilitate collaboration between indigenous scientists and conventional scientists permitting them to formulate adaptation strategies that help all popula- tions. The method of decipherment and transposition may have wider application when the need exists to blend ancient knowledge systems from various parts of the world with conventional knowledge systems used to address complex challenges in many parts of the world.

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Principles for Restoring Health with Culture, Food, and Nature

June 11, 2019
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Indigenous America: Facing Other Inconvenient Truths

June 11, 2019

Steven Newcomb’s essay on the UN High-Level Plenary Session called the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples—that will convene in New York City on the 22nd of September, 2014—reflects the view shared by some of his readers that the World Conference is supposed to be a panacea to right all of the past wrongs done to indigenous peoples. He asks if the World Conference will reverse “the domination/subordination framework of U.S. federal Indian law and policy that has been and continues to be used against our originally free nations and peoples?” The answer is “not likely,” but that doesn’t mean there aren’t compelling reasons for participating, or that there aren’t other ways to address the relationship between the US and Indian nations.

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Honor the 4th World: An Alternative to State Domination

June 11, 2019

Let us stipulate from the very outset that international states own, control and regulate an institution called the United Nations. It is their organization and they can do with it…

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